Posts Tagged ‘speech’

Hate speech, Indian media and secular parties – Why Modi is targeted maximum?

April 1, 2014

Hate speech, Indian media and secular parties – Why Modi is targeted maximum?

 

Why Modi is targeted maximum?: During the March 2014, the Congress leaders have vehemently targeted and attacked Narendra Modi with very harsh words and expressions in Hindi countering his comments and as well as heaping new abusive rhetoric. Modi has been targeted by all comparing him Hitler, Stalin, Pol-pot, Coebelles and so on. He is repeatedly mentioned as killer, murderer, butcher, man-eater[1] and what not. Perhaps, no other Indian politician has been targeted like this than Modi. Whenever Modi spoke, it was telecast immediately, the comments against his speech was recorded from the opponent parties like Congress, SJD, etc and broadcast. In fact, the comments of Nitish and his spokesman were shown as if they cover point by point.

 

“Chaiwala” aspire to become PM: The “Tea-vendor aspiring to becoming PM” attracted the detractors maximum, thus   In November 2013, Samajwadi Party (SP) leader Naresh Agarwal[2] ridiculed that “tea-vendor cannot become a PM”. And in January 2014, the arrogant and bigheaded Mani Shakar Iyer sarcastically retorted that if he comes to their venue, he can serve tea – Aiyar had mocked Modi’s prime ministerial ambitions and said a place would be identified for the Gujarat chief minister to distribute tea at AICC . When asked, when he would apologize for making such personal remarks, refused[3]. Thus, the “Chaiwala”, Chai-bechnewala, etc., promoted “chai pe charcha” attracting masses and evidently the foreign media[4]. Thus, this obviously made the rival political parties to counter. Though, they have been questioning Modi-economics, Gujarat Model of development etc., they are confined to the elite and not interested among others like “chaiwala”.

 

Many Congress leaders joining BJP rattled Congress[5]: At the top level, Congress has been the most affected, reflecting its image of a sinking ship in these elections. MP’s  Jagadambika Pal from Domariaganj, D. Purandeshwari (daughter of TDP founder N.T.Rama Rao) from Vishakhapatnam, Rao Inderjit Singh from Gurgaon, Vitthal Radadiya from Porbandar and Satpal Maharaj from Pouri Garhwal are some of the big names to have quit the party to join BJP. Sanjay Kaka Patil of the NCP and Rajesh Verma of the BSP have also joined the saffron party. In far flung Arunachal Pradesh, strongman Gegong Apang has also switched over to the BJP. The first big name to change affiliation was Ram Vilas Paswan of the Lok Janshakti Party. Thus, “Congress – sinking ship” discussion openly came out.

 

 

Modi-critics joining BJP: Pramod Muthalik, the Ram Sena chief joined BJP, but immediately, his membership was denied[6]. Ironically, when his followers attacked Pub-girls that created controversy, he was targeted by the media for his medieval mindset, hooliganism and Talibanism. At that time, he criticized the BJP and other leaders in his interviews given to the media. The worst critic of JD (U) Sabir Ali also joined BJP, when he was expelled from the party, but within a day, his membership was cancelled / annuled[7]. Of course, it was reported that he himself wanted to hold, till something was resolved[8].  Of course, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, the Muslim face of BJP opposed his entry. Interestingly, all are happening within a week.

 

M J Akabar – a critic turned BJPwala: In some cases, those who abused Modi have joined BJP and eating their words. Thus, when M. J. Akbar joined BJP and nominated as its spokesman, what he told about Modi earlier haunted and dunted[9]:  “Modi is an ideologue, with a difference. The difference is hysteria. It is an edgy hysteria, which can mesmerise; and it easily melts into the kind of megalomania that makes a politician believe that he is serving the larger good through a destructive frenzy against a perceived enemy. In Hitler’s case, the enemy was the Jew; in Modi’s case the enemy is the Muslim. Such a politician is not a fool; in fact, he may have a high degree of intellect. But it is intellect unleavened by reason, and untempered by humanism”. Now, he has to defend Modi as a Muslim or secular journalist or spokesman of BJP itself!

 

How and why Modi is dubbed as Hiter: Advani sidelined, Murali Manohar Joshi was shifted from Varanasi facilitating Modi to contest, Jaswant Singh, the veteran leader was expelled when he tried to contest from the same constituency for which he was denied ticket and other events made critics and detractors of Modi to accuse him of dictatorship, one-upmanship and so on. Perhaps, this emboldens the Congress and other non-BJP parties to criticize him as Hitler and so on. But, after all, this is their internal matter and other parties need not worry, as they have more problems of dissatisfaction, dissent, and defection than BJP. Yet, they and of course, media try to criticize BJP.

 

17-years coalition partner becomes the worst critic: BJP and JD (S) had been fighting elections for the past 17 years and suddenly, when Modo was declared as the PM candidate, Nitish broke away from the NDA. This created a lot of heat between the partners. Once Nitish praised Modi for his governance, but now he started criticizing him. On March 4, 2014 Nitish Kumar[10] called Modi “a follower of (German dictator Adolf) Hitler and Goebbels. After Sonia, perhaps, Nitish has been the worst attacker of Modi. He called Modi “a follower of (German dictator Adolf) Hitler and Goebbels.”  Here, Goebbles was the Nazi propagandist Paul Joseph Goebbels.  But, in spite of multi-crore, mega-crore scams and many corrupt practices, Rahul and Sonia go on claim their virtues and none questioned them for their vices.

 

Secular historians belive that Modi cannot function as Hitler: Ramachandara Guha, wrote[11], “His more alarmist critics speak of Modi as an Indian Hitler or Mussolini. In fact, a politician the Gujarat chief minister resembles more, at least in his personal style, is the late Hugo Chavez. To be sure, their political ideologies and economic models are at variance. Even so, Modi is akin to Chavez in presenting himself as a lone outsider taking on the Establishment, in his fusion of his State with his self, and in the demonization of his opponents”. After discussing at lengh, he concludes[12], “ But to worry about the return of the Emergency or an era of ‘fascism’ is to succumb to a premature and unfortunate alarmism. It may be that in May 2014 we shall have an arrogant and sectarian prime minister instead of the weak and incompetent prime minister we now have. But Indian democracy, not to speak of India itself, will survive.”.

 

Rahul compared Modi with Hitler: On March 7, 2014, Rahul indirectly attacked Modi comparing Hitler and Gandhi[13] i.e, Hiler used to shout but not Gandhi at a rally in Aurangabsad, Maharastra( महात्मा गांधी और हिटलर की तुलनाकरतेहुए राहुल गांधी ने कहा कि जर्मन तानाशाह चिल्लाता था क्योंकि उसमें विश्वास का अभाव था। लेकिन क्या गांधीजी कभी चिल्लाए, नहीं चिल्लाए क्यों कि उनमें विश्वास था।).In another Maharashtra town this morning, Mr Gandhi told a young audience at an engineering college, “My becoming or not becoming PM does not matter. What is most important is that everyone here, specially women and youth in country, feel that this is their own country.” Here too, he talked of love. And Mr Modi, again without naming him. The German dictator Hitler, Mr Gandhi said, shouted because he lacked confidence. But Mahatma Gandhi did not need to shout. “There is no need for saying things aggressively. You can say it with love. Many people will be with you,” he said. However, suddenly these sites[14] start disappearing!

 

Chaiwala, Chowkidar to Hitler – the changing criticism of Congress: On march 10, 2014 Rahul compared Modi with Hitler and also alleged the he stole the land of the farmers[15]. Rahul , without naming Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, launched a blistering attack, comparing Modi to Adolf Hitler and mocking him by saying the country does not need a chowkidar (watchman). Speaking at public meeting here Deoli in Tonk district of Rajasthan on Tuesday, he hinted at Modi when he said: “Adolf Hitler thought people had no knowledge and he himself knew everything.” Hitler was another leader who only spoke of himself and made tall claims, Rahul  said.“A true leader does not lecture his people but goes among them and listens to them. A true leader, like Mahatma Gandhi, does not have any ghamand (arrogance),” Lambasting the BJP leader, he said what was happening in Gujarat was chori as land belonging to farmers were being snatched for select industrial houses[16].

 

After Massod threatening BJP lists out Hate-speeches of Congresswalas: BJP spokesperson Sudhanshu Trivedi who read out a list of comments made by the Congress leadership including the infamous “Maut ke Saudagar” used by Sonia Gandhi said the party has negatively drawn comparisons between Mr. Modi and Adolf Hitler by  Rahul Gandhi,  demon king Ravan by Salman Khurshid and has also called him “Lahu Purush” by Manish Tewari[17]. “This goes on to show what kind of atmosphere the Congress wants in the country. They do not want to fight the election on the issue of governance, development etc., and have deviated from dignity and decorum that are hallmarks of a democracy,” Mr. Trivedi said.

 

Modi a “combination of Hitler and Stalin”: From the land of God’s own country, on March 26, 2014 at Kozhikode, Home Minister Ramesh Chennithala tapped on the anxieties of the high-range farmer community with regard to the Kasturirangan report, pressed the Congress party line for the need for secular politics and called Narendra Modi a “combination of Hitler and Stalin”, but spared no word about the price rise and corruption scams trailing the UPA 2 government[18]. Thus, he excelled his cong-masters to criticize Modi!

 

Do not allow Modi to become PM: The non-BJP parties used cry that they would oppose the communal BJP at any cost. The APP like parties just like Communists shoult that they oppose both BJP and Congress. Of course, the so-celled third front, federal front etc., are also scream that they oppose both BJP and Congress dubbing them as communal. Thus, the secular and communal debate has become useless now. Some interpret that Congress has cleverly posed caste against communalism by assuring that they support reservation in the private sector also. BJP doubted that Congress and Communists would again come together to oppose them[19]. Immediately, A. K. Antony hinted at the possibility of the formation of a fresh “secular” front to keep BJP out of power[20].

 

Vedaprakash

© 01-04-2014

[1] http://www.india.com/election-2014/key-leaders/narendra-modi/hitler-maut-ka-saudagar-and-now-death-threat-why-do-congress-leaders-keep-threatening-narendra-modi-30209/

[2] http://www.business-standard.com/article/politics/tea-stall-vendor-modi-can-never-be-pm-naresh-agarwal-113111301117_1.html

[3] http://www.ndtv.com/elections/article/election-2014/won-t-apologise-for-inviting-narendra-modi-to-sell-tea-mani-shankar-aiyar-472191

[4] http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/narendra-modis-chai-pe-charcha-event-gets-rave-reviews-in-global-media/1/343440.html

[5] http://www.theindianrepublic.com/tbp/changing-stripes-reflect-bjp-flavour-season-100030440.html

[6] http://www.niticentral.com/2014/03/23/controversial-sri-ram-sene-chief-pramod-mutalik-joins-bjp-202807.html

[7] http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/bjp-annuls-sabir-alis-membership/

[8] http://www.abplive.in/video/2014/03/29/article285727.ece/Keep-my-BJP-membership-on-hold-Sabir-Ali

[9] http://www.firstpost.com/politics/will-mj-akbars-modi-hitler-analogy-haunt-bjp-1446379.html

[10] http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/nitish-kumar-narendra-modi-follower-of-hitler-and-goebbels/1/346747.html

[11] http://www.telegraphindia.com/1140322/jsp/opinion/story_18095590.jsp#.UzprbvQW1AL

[12] Ramachandra Guha, The Fear of Fasism – India’s democratic institutions are too strong to let fascists win, The Telegraph, Marh 22, 2014, http://www.telegraphindia.com/1140322/jsp/opinion/story_18095590.jsp#.UzprbvQW1AL

[13] http://www.khaskhabar.com/hindi-news/National-rahul-makes-veiled-attacks-on-modi-compares-hitler-and-gandhi-2254595.html

[14] http://in.reuters.com/article/2014/03/11/india-politics-rahul-gandhi-modi-idINDEEA2A0AC20140311

[15] http://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/Modi-Works-Like-Hitler-Steals-Farmers-Lands-Rahul/2014/03/11/article2103156.ece

[16] http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rahul-compares-modi-with-hitler/article5773707.ece

[17] http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bjp-accuses-congress-leadership-of-using-foul-language/article5844850.ece

[18] http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/kozhikode/its-makeorbreak-poll-for-nation-chennithala/article5831280.ece

[19] http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/cpim-congress-to-join-hands-after-polls-bjp/article5836814.ece

[20] http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/lok-sabha-elections-2014/news/CPM-will-join-UPA-3-to-keep-BJP-at-bay-AK-Antony/articleshow/32924199.cms

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Hate speech, Indian media and secular parties!

March 31, 2014

Hate speech, Indian media and secular parties!

Vedaprakash

 

The applicability of expression “hate-speech” to India: Now “hate-speech” is discussed a lot in the media. The applicability of such expression to Indian context has to be considered in a careful way, as the Indians have got independence only just 66 years ago, in spite of the history going beyond 5000 years. In other words, the Indians were ruled by the Colonial forces and the Mohammedan powers that treated Indians subdued in many aspects. Both powers disparaged, denigrated and maligned them in many ways through their appreciation and depreciation. The conditions set out for “hate speech” in the present context were already found in their attitude, behavior and actions against them. Just like “gay rights” etc., when new issues are brought in, Indians have to deal them cautiously.

 

Indians derided by the rulers of the past 1300 years: Even after the freedom, as the legacy of the past rulers has been continued with the enforced factors, and after the LPG regime again the neocolonial forces dominate and control the thought processes of Indians with new parameters of modernization, westernization, industrialization and now Americanization. The slangs of different influential foreign masters exhibited in various spheres. Thus, the media has such characteristic mores. Above all, the Indians have been under the constant attack of both these forces and the ideologically opposed communists also. Though, the Communists of all sorts are opposed by many political parties, ideologically, they have been dominating in the Indian media, curriculum and polity.

 

“Hate-speech”, now invented and its understanding: “Hate speech is generally understood as, that speech is[1]  “ … usually thought to include communications of animosity or disparagement of an individual or a group on account of a group characteristic such as race, color, national origin, sex, disability, religion, or sexual orientation” and it is carried to be quoted by others[2] as authority[3]. The westernized or non-Indian way of expressing journalists have started using this expression without going into the details. Now, we find all Indian English media uses such expression, as if the Indian speakers, particularly, politicians have been violating all provisions of Acts and rules but scot-free.

 

From Indian English media to Indian polity: Incidentally, the same Indian English media has introduced many words and expressions of hate speech – lumpen elements[4], bandwagon, goons[5], thugs, fringe, medieval forces, secular, communal, fascist, middle class, fundamentalist, saffron terror[6], rightwing terror[7], and so on. They have been used as adjectives with one or each other with other or words taken from this list. Thus, we can see –

 

  • Fascist communal forces
  • middle class mentality
  • communal forces
  • communal goons
  • rightwing thugs
  • medieval bandwagon
  • lumpen fringe elements
  • saffron terror elements
  • rightwing terrorists

 

and such other combinations have been so popular in usage. Specifically, these expressions have been mostly used against BJP, RSS and other so-called Sangh Parivar organizations by the media experts and standardized such usage, as if they are applicable to them only. Even their counterparts say leftwing, Green terror, real medieval forces, fascist fringe bandwagons and others have never been branded.

 

Secular and communal “hate-speeches”: As the media and the non-BJP parties including the Muslim, Islamic and other categories always call the BJP and Sangh Parivar as communal. Emboldened by such persistent, relentless and pushy propaganda, they started using other attacking expressions. BJP is anti-minority, anti-Muslim, anti-Islamic etc, whereas all other non-BJP parties are pro-minority, pro-Muslim and Islam supporting categories. The government media, functions, iftar parties are also used to carry on such propaganda. Thus, this has created some sort of inferiority complex in the minds of Sangh Parivar, their leaders, members and sympathizers and Hindus as a whole of India.

 

Sonia started “hate-speech” in electioneering: The “hate-speech” campaign started with Sonia during 2007 elections, when she called Modi “Maut ka sauthagar”. Generally, she reads prepared speech by somebody, that means, she consciously accepted and used such expression to target Modi. Here the role of scrpt writer is also questioned[8]. On 28 January 2014 Aam Aadmi party leader Arvind Kejriwal tweeted scathing comment over Rahul Gandhi and Narendra Modi calling them moron and murderer. He tweeted, “Stuck between a moron and a murderer…what now India”. Sonia has called BJP communal many times, Modi “Maut ka sauthagar” (messager of Death) etc., followed by the rhetoric of Digvijaya and Kapil Sibal many times in their interviews.  Sonia before Gujarat assembly elections referred Narendra Modi to “Maut Ka Saudagar” (person who sells death) and on 1st Feb 2014 accusing BJP to spread hate among people she said, “I firmly believe you will not allow those who sow the seeds of poison (Zaher Ki Kheti) to succeed. They sport Muslim skull cap, move with maulanas, yet they claim themselves 100% hallmark of secular category. However, when Modi started speaking in Hindi in a colloquial way addressing the common man with sarcasm, his words are watched, recorded and interpreted as “hate speech”. Nahid Hasan the SP candidate from Uttar Pradesh’s Kairana constituency hinted at Mayawati’s proximity to Modi. “Thrice Mayawati has sat in Modi’s lap and after elections she will do so again. Both are unmarried,” he added[9]. For Musaffarnagar riots all parties have been blamed by the media[10], but the Supreme Court[11] the ruling party SP for not preventing and controlling the riots[12].

 

For convenience, the famous ones are listed as follows[13]:

 

  1. Zeher Ki Kheti– This comment made by Sonia Gandhi is the latest in the line (and perhaps one of most pinching ones). Speaking at a public rally in northern Kanataka, the UPA chairperson accused Narendra Modi of indulging in “Zeher Ki Kheti” (Sowing seeds of poison).

 

  1. Maut Ka Saudagar-Sonia‘s remark, wherein she referred to Modi as “Maut Ka Saudagar” (merchant of death) in the Gujarat assembly elections in 2007.

 

  1. Modi’s “Khooni Panja” and “Zaalim Hath” Attack-Modi has never been the kind of person who would meekly listen to outrageous comments from opposition and remain quite. He has perhaps been even more famous for his reference to the Congress party’s ‘palm’ symbol as “Khooni Panja” (Bloody Claws) and “Zaalim Hath” (Cruel Hand).

 

  1. Modi’s “Shazada” and “Madam” Barb– Modi is also known for referring to Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi as “Shazada” (prince) and “Madam” respectively.

 

  1.  Somnath Bharti’s “Want to Spit on Faces” Attack-he expressed his desire to “spit on the faces” of Arun jaitley and Harish Salve.

 

  1. Kejriwal Retweets “Stuck Between Moron and Murderer”- “Stuck between a moron and a murderer… what now, India!?”

 

  1. Manhonah Singh’s “Presiding over Massacre” Statement  – He referred to BJP’s PM Candidate Modi as someone who “presided over massacre of citizens” during the Gujurat riots of 2002.

 

  1. Rahul Gandhi’s “Comb to a Bald Man” Quip– Rahul has not been too far away in the rank of people making most controversial remarks as well. But this one was really quite funny.

 

Why against BJP or “Hindus”?: The expressions Communal BJP and secular Congress have been so popularized that even the BJPwalas are quite amused to be called so. And the non-BJP parties have always taken such privilege of calling BJP communal and thus they always pose as secular. Of course, the persistent media also always brand the parties and certified. Only few like Advani have understood the mischief and countered them by using expression “pseudo-secularism”. The provisions of IPC and Peoples Representation Act could penalize the “hate-sppech”, but many times the speakers have scot-free for example, Arunthathi Roy, Jilani in the north and the DK and atheist elements of the South, though dozens of cases filed have been pending against them. Incidentally, it has to be noted that these speakers have targeted “Hindus” only.

 

Vedaprakash

© 31-03-2014

[1] John T. Nockleby, “Hate Speech,” in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution.  Ed. Leonard W. Levy and Kenneth L. Karst. Vol. 3. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2000. p. 1277-1279.

[2] http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v09n02/brown-sica_m01.html#_edn2

[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hate_speech

[4] http://www.asianage.com/interview-week/there-s-no-modi-wave-punjab-polls-are-fought-local-issues-262

[5] http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/in-mp-cops-watched-bjp-goons-attack-rebel-s-house/340247/

[6] http://ibnlive.in.com/news/right-wing-terror-main-agenda-at-fivehour-long-bjp-rss-meet/372519-37-64.html

[7] http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/home-minister-shinde-says-bjp-rss-promoting-hindu-terrorism-then-clarifies-319884

[8] Lyricist and script writer Javed Akhtar has won many laurels for his dialogue writing skills, but this is one instance, he says, where he can’t take the credit. The political grapevine attributes the maut ka saudagar reference Sonia Gandhi made during her Gujarat poll campaign to him. “I am truly embarrassed for being given credit for somebody else’s work,” says Akhtar. Ever since Sonia Gandhi used the term during one of her election speeches in Gujarat, there has been speculation in political circles about who actually coined the term. Several names have been doing the rounds, the most prominent being Akhtar.

http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-who-coined-maut-ka-saudagar-1140033

[9] http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/allaboutnarendramodi/case-against-sp-leader-for-hate-speech-against-modi/article1-1202244.aspx

[10] http://indiatoday.intoday.in/video/muzaffarnagar-news-muzaffarnagar-riots-muzaffarnagar-akhilesh-yadav-samajwadi-party-bjp-bsp/1/309391.html

[11] http://supremecourtofindia.nic.in/outtoday/41339.pdf

[12] http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/sc-holds-akhilesh-govt-guilty-of-negligence-orders-arrest-of-all-muzaffarnagar-accused/

[13] http://www.ibtimes.co.in/articles/536884/20140202/indian-pololitics-infamous-attacks-language-sonia.htm