Posts Tagged ‘mesolithic’

Problems in Historiography

May 9, 2007

In spite of having vast area with millions of monuments, inscriptions, palm-leaf books on various subjects, oldest languages, periodical celebration of festivals and ceremonies, culture, heritage, tradition and civilization, India has been accused of not having “history” before “Mauryas”.

At one side, Indian children and youth are taught about their thousands of years old culture, tradition etc., with c.3500 BCE old Sanskrit literature etc., whereas at the other side, historians write that before c.300 BCE, India had no history.

Then what happened in India?

Were Indians roaming as megalithic, neolithic, mesolithic, and paleolithic men here and there before c.300 BCE?

How then, the Egypts, Persians and Greeks were getting Gold and Iron from these barbarians ad uncivilized stone-age brutes?

Why the Egyptian, Assyrian, Sumerian and other ancient civilizations had been after India to get Indian goods?

How they could have obtained gold, iron, nice rice, fine teak, beautiful peacock, shining pearls, soft textiles etc., from them?

From IVC to Mauryan period, what happened?

How then, the poor Indians have been carrying over the same stories of Ramayana ad Mahabharata over more than 2000 years?

Were the ancient Tamil / “Sangam” poets liars to record and carry over such myth?

How these Indians living language without script, mathematics without numbers, sculptures without geometry, calendar without time-reckoning, astronomy without any observation, philosophy without thinking (by being stone-age men), navigation without ships, etc?

If one has to believe Herodotus, the “Father of History”, Indians were having two heads, three eyes, ants with dog-size, trees with growing wool, etc. So in such “fairy land”, the barbaria Indiandd should have exported all their goods catrering to their needs.

So, it is clear that something is wrong somewhere in Indian history?

How it has happened without diagnosis?

Why it is continuing?

Like this, many questions are to be answered.

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Indology

May 9, 2007

Indology

Indians have been studying about them and recording their activities since their advent on the earth. However, with the advent of the Europeans during 18th-19th centuries, their studies carried on with their purpose came to be known as “Indology”.

“Indology”, study of India in all aspects,  has not been new to Indians, but of later, the westerners have dominated and tried to interpret the “historical process” of India in their own way. And many times, what they have understood about India, Indians, Indian religion, culture, heritage, tradition, civilization etc., whether such understanding is correct or incorrect, biased or unbiased, motivated with vested interest or otherwise, are printed in newspapers, journals and books and widely circulated. The

inbuilt mistakes, errors and wrong interpretations are also thus carried with authority. Unfortunately, the other tendency developed among the former group has been, if any Indian scholar points out such mistakes and blunders, immediately, he is dubbed as “nationalist”, “revisionist”, “communal” etc.

It has to be noted that certain words and expressions “communal”, “secular”, “progressive”, “sectarian”, “pseudo-secular”, etc., are used in India in peculiar connotation, but now, the westerners have borrowed such terminology and use against Indians. Moreover, as Indians of different categories have spread in many countries, because of material and non-material benefits, they side with such biased westerners and help in anti-India propaganda carried out under the guise of research and so on.